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Prevention of some of the causes that contribute to the development of erectile dysfunction can decrease the chances of developing the problem. For example, if a person decreases their chances of developing diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension, they will decrease their chances of developing erectile dysfunction. Other things like stopping smoking, eating a healthy diet (heart healthy with adequate vitamin intake), and exercising daily may reduce a person's risk. .
A number of medical treatment options exist for erectile dysfunction include the following:
For venous leak embolization a mixture of Histoacryl and Lipiodol is used by the majority of physicians. In addition, fibered coils may be used to prevent progression of glue from veins with fast outflow.
Surgical or radiation treatments for prostate cancer, bladder cancer, or prostate enlargement (BPH) can sometimes damage nerves and blood vessels near the penis. Occasionally, the nerve damage is permanent and the patient requires treatment to achieve an erection. Sometimes, surgery causes temporary erectile dysfunction that improves on its own after 6 to 18 months.
Picture of rigid penile implant. Two rigid cylinders have been placed into the penis. This type of implant has no inflation mechanism but provides adequate rigidity to the penis to allow penetration.
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Did you know that around 5% of men aged 40, and 15% of men aged 70 have complete erectile dysfunction?
Patients with organic erectile dysfunction should be examined with color Doppler flow analysis using direct pharmacological stimulation with an intracavernosal injection of 10–20 μg prostaglandin E1. Diagnostic criteria for veno-occlusive dysfunction are a high systolic flow rate >25 cm/s (peak systolic velocity) and a persistent end-diastolic velocity of >5 cm/s 15 min post-injection (rigid phase) with a resistive index <0.75 (7).
ED not only affects the sex life of men in a committed relationship. Single men with ED often avoid dating because of the condition.
High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves that control sexual stimulation. They can also damage blood vessels that provide blood flow to the penis to achieve and maintain an erection.
Reluctance to seek treatment remains the major barrier to restoring full sexual function for men who have erectile dysfunction.
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Some men with erectile dysfunction report having either a partial erection that is unable to sustain sexual intercourse, or the total absence of swelling of the penis. The severity of erectile dysfunction can be assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), which uses a questionnaire to grade ED as either mild, moderate or severe.
Diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential. Also, you must cut down on junk, caffeine, alcohol, and cigarettes.
In case of positively confirmed venous-occlusive dysfunction including its morphological demonstration on CT cavernosography, the treatment strategy is occlusion of venous leaks (Box 3). Surgical therapy consists of deep dorsal vein ligation and additional ligation of potential collaterals. However, surgical treatment is rather invasive and usually needs to be performed in an operation room under general anesthesia. Not very encouraging, long-term success rates of surgical ligation of the deep dorsal vein and its collaterals are reported to be ~ 25% (16, 17).